Versatilidad incomparable. Estas dos palabras concentran a la perfección lo que hace que los compresores de tornillo AERZEN sean tan especiales: admiten el mayor número de modificaciones posibles y se dispone de la más amplia gama de modelos y accesorios. Sin embargo, estas etapas y series de unidades compactas tienen mucho más que ofrecer: nada menos que la capacidad de desarrollo del líder mundial del mercado, que trabaja constantemente en la innovación, optimización y construcción de sus eficaces compresores desde 1943.
Desde hace décadas los embaladores profesionales y los usuarios industriales confían en las etapas para compresores y las unidades compactas de AERZEN. ¿Por qué? Porque, gracias a su excepcional versatilidad, estas máquinas son la solución ideal para cualquier aplicación. Diseñadas inicialmente para comprimir aire, nitrógeno y gases neutros, estos versátiles genios también pueden emplearse en aplicaciones relacionadas con gases especiales, operaciones de vacío y presión de aspiración. Con transmisión directa o por bandas, con funcionamiento en seco y sin aceite para la clase 0, con inyección de agua y aceite, con o sin pre-admisión. En pocas palabras: AERZEN tiene el compresor adecuado para cada aplicación.
Los compresores de tornillo son máquinas de émbolos rotativos de doble eje. Funcionan basándose en el principio del desplazamiento positivo con compresión interna y se les denomina transportadores compulsivos. Esto se aplica a todos los compresores de tornillo. Sin embargo, lo que hace especiales a los compresores de tornillo de AERZEN es que hemos hecho de la confiabilidad, la facilidad de mantenimiento y uso, la flexibilidad y la eficiencia energética una cuestión de principios. El resultado es una serie de características de diseño únicas. Tomemos los coeficientes de eficiencia, por ejemplo, como los perfiles 3+4 de VML o 4+6 de VM de AERZEN que, en comparación con los compresores estándar, ofrecen un ahorro de energía considerable. ¿Y cuál es la última tecnología de compresores? Los nuevos compresores E de AERZEN. Con un incremento de la eficiencia de aproximadamente el 6%, permiten liberar incluso un mayor potencial.
In compression processes in industry, as well as medical and food technology, it is often necessary to compress air in such a way that absolutely no foreign residues remain in the compressed air. Oil-free screw compressors are the ideal choice for this, as no foreign material is introduced into the compressed air. Many conventional piston compressors and rotary compressors work with oil, due to better heat dissipation. Moreover, depending on the construction principle applied, the oil serves as a seal for spaces. However, for applications where hygiene is critical, compression should be oil-free, and adding a compressed air filter should also be considered.. This ensures that no greasy residue will end up in the feed air. Such systems are also termed oil-free. Rotary compressors are basically displacement machines that are operated with two screw-shaped rotors and that compress air using internal compression. This concept is not new, but in terms of energy efficiency, reliability and ease of maintenance, AERZEN’s machines are in a class of their own.
Screw compressors are designed as rotary compressors. These compress gas via the rotation of the meshing rotors that are arranged in a screw shape. Thus, the compression space is gradually reduced and the volume of gas compressed. The reliable production of compressed air is necessary both in industry and in power plants, as well as many other sectors. Conventional compressors produce a great deal more noise than screw compressors, due to their different operational principles. Moreover, the wear and tear in screw compressors is generally lower. The result is robust, reliable and maintenance-friendly machines for many applications. A distinction is also made between machines that are direct drive and those that are belt-driven. Questions of economy prompt many trade companies to switch to screw compressors. The efficiency during compression is especially high, which has a positive impact on energy consumption. In an age of high energy prices, this is a very important aspect, while the issue of heat recovery also plays a role.
The great versatility and flexibility of screw compressors makes them ideal for use in many areas. They are not only suitable for reliably compressing air, nitrogen and other neutral gases but can also be used for special gases. The oil-free variants are especially suitable for applications that often cannot be covered using other compressors. The way in which screw compressors work provides a significant increase in energy efficiency and higher performance compared to piston compressors. As the technology improves, so does the efficiency of each generation of machines. Oil-free screw compressors are used wherever particularly high standards of efficiency and durability are required. Transporting bulk goods and powder pneumatically is absolutely no problem because there are no contaminants or clumping as is the case when using oil. Power plants and the chemical industry require reliable systems for the supply of pure oxidation air. Screw compressors are generally the tool of choice here too.
There are one- and two-lobe rotary compressors,but when speaking of screw compressors, what is usually meant are two rotors arranged in parallel, with different screw profiles. These mesh like gears and compress the gas that is trapped between. When these are not oil-free machines, oil will be injected to cool and seal. This procedure, called fluid cooling, is recommended when the operating conditions require higher surrounding temperatures. Oil can also assist in minimising wear and tear because contact is prevented. Oil-free premium constructions manage without this measure and, thanks to high-precision production methods and synchronised sprockets, are low-friction and absolutely tight. A huge advantage of screw compressors is how quiet they are while in use. Unlike piston compressors, no masses have to be stopped at their respective dead centre. The vibrations inside a rotary compressor are significantly reduced.
Screw compressors are extremely low-maintenance, because there are fewer moving parts. Due to the absence of oscillating forces, the compressor stages are less prone to cracking and other wear. Screw compressors also boast advantages with respect to the efficiency of compression, because piston compressors lose approximately a tenth of the suctioned air via the piston rings. A screw compressor experiences significantly less pressure loss and rarely exceeds a value of 0.1 – 0.2 percent. With respect to basic construction, screw compressors can be considered superior to piston compressors, and are much more efficient. They allow a large reduction in energy costs and CO2 emissions during use. There is further optimisation potential in the flow of the compressed air during the screw compression process. When needed, premium motors with the highest energy efficiency are available in order to meet the requirements of the current efficiency class. Future reliability is especially important for customers in this context, because longevity is partly determined by whether or not the future demands made on the efficiency class can be met.
The energy efficiency of screw compressors can be optimised through various measures. Improvements in the flow of air into the compressor unit have been proven to be especially effective. In machines in the latest 5 plus generation from AERZEN, all of the components are precisely aligned to provide optimal flow. Reducing pressure losses and improving the intake and outlet openings help ensure the stable and reliable provision of the desired discharge pressure. The additional sound insulation not only reduces the noise level during use but also optimises the flow conditions. By using an innovative insulation geometry, the sound pressure levels sink. Moreover, it acts as an effective spark arrester. Machines fitted with this feature are also approved for explosion-protected plant areas. In spite of the optimal insulation features, no additional material is needed for this insulation. There is no need to worry about contamination from damaged insulation material, etc. The corresponding maintenance work is also eliminated. In addition to the need for oil-free compressors, effective insulation without the danger of any sort of contamination is one of the most important requirements in areas of the food industry where hygiene is critical and in chemical plants. When needed, a compressed air filter can also be utilised to clean the used air. In medical fields, special filters like these to prepare the compressed air are common, as is a separation system for other residues. To avoid any unwanted moisture in the area of application, boosters and dryers ensure the effective removal of any signs of moisture present in the air. It is guaranteed that no grease will end up in the chamber at any time – which qualifies the new models as completely oil-free compressors.
The convenient operation of modern rotary compressors is not a problem in today’s digital age. Operation and maintenance are easy and reduce further costs. The smooth belt drive of the machines in the 5 plus generation makes it possible to install various belt pulleys to achieve the desired ratio. Making changes isn’t a problem, either. The compressor remains flexible in the event of changes to the desired parameters and does not have to be replaced by a different model with inflexible settings. Maintenance is extremely low for the belt drive, because the correct tension is guaranteed via its own weight. The speed of many of the devices can also be electronically controlled. High precision and exact adherence to the desired pressure are an absolute must in most applications. An integrated control panel can be found directly on the housing. Through placement of the control panels on the front of the devices, units can be arranged side by side to save space. A possible oil check during operation is also possible. Special AERZEN oils increase the changing interval to twice that of prescribed values.
The high quality of AERZEN’s premium compressors is internationally recognised. Low operating costs and high value retention go hand in hand with excellent reliability and durability to ensure that the use of modern rotary compressors meets the highest economic and environmental criteria.